Definition of “Historic Resource”

Adopted by the Albemarle County Historic Preservation Committee

September, 2003


Following the definition established by the National Register of Historic Places, a “historic resource” in Albemarle County is one with architecture, engineering, archaeological, or cultural remains present in districts, sites, buildings, or structures that possess integrity of location, design, setting, materials, workmanship, feeling, and association. Each site should be associated with one or more of the following historical or cultural themes:


A: Those that are associated with the events that have made a significant contribution to the broad patterns of our history


B: Those that are associated with the lives of persons significant in our past


C: Those that embody the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction, or that represent the work of a master, or that possess high artistic values; or that represent a significant and distinguishable entity whose components may lack individual distinction


D: Those that have yielded, or may be likely to yield, information important to prehistory or history


Those themes that have been the most important to the broad patterns of Albemarle County’s history were discussed at length in a context study entitled, “From the Monacans to Monticello and Beyond: Prehistoric and Historic Contexts for Albemarle County, Virginia” produced in May of 1995 by Garrow and Associates for the Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Historic resources in Albemarle County should be evaluated in light of—but are not limited to—these themes. Albemarle County’s historic resources are not limited to those sites identified in this historic context study; they are intended only as examples. Furthermore, the historic or cultural contexts of Albemarle County’s historic resources are not limited to any single dominant people group; they might be associated with Native Americans, enslaved and free blacks, and European settlers, including English, Scotch-Irish, and Germans, among others. Significant persons from Albemarle County’s past can range from figures of international renown such as Thomas Jefferson, to persons of local significance, such as Civil Rights activist and educator Mary Carr Greer. When considering sites that “embody the distinctive characteristics of a type, period, or method of construction, or that represent the work of a master,” the relative rarity of the example should be a factor that warrants particular consideration. Rarity can be associated with, but not limited to: period, as in the Queen Anne style President’s House for the Alberene Soapstone Company; type, as in the African-American Mont Alto schoolhouse; or method of construction, as in the timber frame and nogged dairy/smokehouse of Cloverfields Plantation. For further direction on interpreting the above criteria at the local level, see the National Register Criteria for Evaluation (Bulletin 15).


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